JACQUES-EDOUARD BERGER FOUNDATION:World Art Treasures

 

Before studying the monument itself, it is interesting to consider the original name for which the musically reso nant "Borobudur" - usually translated as "temple on the hill" - serves as an abbreviation: "Bhumisan Brabadura". The latter translates into "The Ineffable Mountain of Accumulated Virtues", a highly symbolic title, liturgically speaking. For Borobudur was conceived as an initiatory mountain, to be ascended level by level by those seeking the enlightenment that corresponds with the unity of the shrine's top. The plan is extremely simple: a multitude of pagodas, stupas, and niches characterize the lower levels, with a single stupa crowning the whole. The path hence leads from multiplicity to oneness.


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